Bed bugs have been roaming around the world for thousands of years. These pests feed on blood and access this blood through biting, which many victims find annoying. In addition to this, some people get allergic reactions from these bites. This only enhances the annoyance that comes from such pesky creatures. Removing a bed bug infestation isn’t an easy task. Nonetheless, there are steps you can take to control this issue.
What is a Bed Bug?
Bed bugs are classified as flat and small wingless insects that have a reddish-brown color. These pests typically grow to one-quarter inches long, which is as tiny as an apple seed. During the day, these bed bugs are known to hide on beds. This includes headboards, bed frames, box springs, and mattress seams. However, it’s also common to find these bed bugs in the crevices and cracks of your household walls. Although these pests don’t jump or fly, they do crawl rapidly.
How Can Bed Bugs Get into a Household?
You can effortlessly and unknowingly bring these bed bugs into your household from other infested areas or second-hand furniture. These pesky creatures are known to infest luggage pieces, backpacks, purses, and other items present on upholstered or soft surfaces. In addition to this, these bed bugs can travel between different rooms in multi-unit apartments, buildings, or hotels.
Where do Bed Bugs Originally Come from?
Scientists have found fossilized bed bugs that are more than 3,500 years old. As we have mentioned above, these bugs have been roaming on Earth for thousands of years. It’s believed that these creatures came from the Middle East. After extensive research, it’s known that bed bugs first came from caves that were shared with bats and humans. In the ancient world, these bed bugs were used as a home remedy. The ancient Egyptians used to drink tea made from bed bugs to cure snake bites.
Do These Bed Bugs Exist Everywhere in the World?
Bed bugs can be found anywhere in the world. However, the worst infestations of these pesky insects are generally found in developed countries. From 1930 to 1980, these bed bugs were almost eradicated with the help of chemicals like DDT. However, since the banning of DDT, these populations have steadily increased. Many of the bed bugs present across the world are immune to the pest control chemicals available nowadays. In addition to this, an enhanced level of international travel has also helped fuel this infestation problem, as bed bugs commonly travel in suitcases and other bags.
What are the Preventative Measures Against Bed Bug Infestation?
Prevention is far better than getting rid of bed bugs. This is because it’s challenging to get the infestation under control, but taking preventative measures can save you from having to do this. You can start by placing your luggage on a stand. This is instead of on the floor or bed when you’re staying in a hotel.
After returning from your trip, it’s highly recommended that you wash all the clothes you took with you and place these items into a bot dryer. When purchasing new or second-hand furniture, you should inspect these items before bringing these pieces home. When investigating these items, you should look at the tufts, seams, and under the cushions.
How to Tell If You Have a Bed Bug Problem:
You might be wondering if you have a bed bug problem in your home. These infestations are common, which means that identifying signs of bed bugs can help you come up with the right solution. Bed bugs can easily be identified once looking at your bed and mattress seams. You can find these inspects, their shed skin, or droppings around your bedroom space. In addition to this, you might also see blood stains on your bedsheets. All of these are signs of a bed bug problem.
What Happens When Bed Bugs Bite?
When bed bugs bite a human, it isn’t felt right away. This is because these insects excrete a small amount of anesthetic before feeding on a person. Due to this, it can sometimes take a couple of days before symptoms of these bed bug bugs start to develop. In addition to this, bed bug bites are generally swollen and red.
You might have bites over your body and want to know if these are from bed bugs. These bed bug bites typically follow a line or zigzag pattern of small red welts or bumps. In some cases, a bed bug bite can appear after 14 days of being bitten. However, some people might not see any signs of being bitten. On the other hand, others can have these bites appear within mere hours. This all depends on the person who is getting bitten.
What is the Best Way to Control Bed Bugs in a Household?
There’s no doubt that bed bugs are challenging to eradicate. This is especially the case when eggs are present. Due to this, it’s imperative that you attempt to put preventative measures in place that reduce the risk of a bed bug infestation from occurring. This is primarily because bed bugs breed rapidly.
Adult bed bugs can lay up to 250 eggs in their lifespan. These eggs only take between six and ten days to hatch. With that being said, the process of eliminating a bed bug infestation is complex and time-consuming, which is why professional help should be your top priority to ensure that you get rid of these bed bugs for good. However, you can be proactive during this infestation by:
- Deep clean your household and remove any clutter you might have. Special attention should be given to any bedrooms.
- Move your bed away from any furniture or walls.
- Vacuum your floors, windows, and molding every day. It’s also recommended to vacuum the seams and sides of your mattresses, furniture, and box springs. After doing this, you should empty the vacuum bag immediately and trash this outside your household.
- Seal any crevices, cracks, or other openings where wires or pipes come into your household.
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